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Geosynthetics function

 

reinforcement of walls and steep slopes

Reinforcement of
walls/steep slopes

monodirectional geogrids,
woven geotextiles


Provide tensile forces in the soil mass

reinforcement of soft soil

Reinforcement of
soft soil

bidirectional geogrids,
geotextiles, geocomposites


Increase the bearing capacity

reinforcement of concrete

Reinforcement of
concrete, asphalt

bidirectional geogrids



Provide tensile and fatique resistance

"Geosynthetics" is a general term which identifies a broad range of products, such as geotextiles, geomembranes, geogrids, geonets, geocomposites, geomats and many other.

 

 Geosynthetics terminology

Geosynthetics funcion

filtration

Filtration

geotextiles, geocomposites


Allow the passage of fluids preventing the migration of soil particles

drainage

Drainage

geonets, geocomposites


Transport of fluids

separation

Separation

geotextiles, geocomposites


Prevent the mixing of two different soils or materials

protection

Protection

nonwoven geotextiles,
geonets, geocomposites



Avoid damages to a structure, a material or another geosynthetic

impermeabilization

Impermeabilization

geomembranes, geocomposites




Fluid barrier

confinement

Confinement

geocells




Restrain the lateral movement of a soil mass

erosion control

Erosion control and surfacial stabilization

geomats, geocells,
biomats, bionets


Avoid the detachment and transport of soil particles by rain, runoff and wind; root anchorage

References
Giroud, J. P., From geotextiles to geosynthetics: a revolution in geotechnical engineering, Proceeding III International Conference on Geotextiles, Vienna, Austria, 1986.

Rimoldi, P., Le applicazioni dei geosintetici nell'ingegneria civile, Proceedings of "Sep-Pollution" Symposium, Padova, Italy, 1988. In Italian.

Cazzuffi, D., Geotessili e prodotti affini: funzioni e tipologie dei prodotti, Quaderni ALPCR, XXI Convegno Nazionale Stradale ALPCR, Trieste, Italy 1990. In Italian.

Rimoldi, P., Cazzuffi, D., Jonescu, A., Moraci, N. Geosynthetics, please - not geoconfusion!, IGS News Vol 9 No. 1, March 1993.

Koerner R., M., Name of the Society and Geosynthetics Terminology, IGS News Vol 9 No. 2, July 1993.

Rimoldi, P., Cazzuffi, D., Jonescu, A., Moraci, N., Continuing to play the Geosynthetics Terminology game, IGS News, Vol. 9 No. 2, July 1993.

Repertorio Geosintetici 2000/2001 - BE-MA Editrice Milano
 

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